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Terms of delivery

Terms of delivery

Incoterms states the rights and obligations of the parties in the contract of purchase and sale of goods. Incoterms 2000 was developed in Paris by the International Chamber of Commerce – ICC. Incoterms terms of delivery are made up of 13 clauses: 6 for marine transportation, and 7 for other transportation types. Transway OÜ is not engaged in marine transportation, therefore the 7 latter claims fall within our area of action.

FCA – Free Carrier

Loading location determined, used for all types of transportation, the seller delivers the goods (to the carrier) to the place named by the buyer, the seller is also responsible for the export customs clearance. If loading occurs at seller’s premises, the seller is responsible for loading. If loading occurs at the carrier’s premises, the seller is responsible for loading, but not for unloading.

CPT – Carriage Paid To

Place of loading determined at the destination, used for all types of transportation, the seller is responsible for organisation of transportation and costs to the destination, as well as export customs clearance.

CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid To

Place of loading determined at the destination, used for all types of transportation, the seller is responsible for the transportation and the costs to the named destination, and the export customs clearance. The seller also contracts for insurance in favour of the buyer.

EXW – Ex Works

Loading location determined, used for all types of transportation, the seller makes the goods available for the buyer at the seller’s or other premises, the seller is not responsible for the goods export customs clearance or loading. The buyer bears all risks and costs associated with or following the loading of goods from the place named by the seller.

DDP – Delivered Duty Paid

Place of loading determined at the destination, used for all types of transportation, the seller is responsible for organising the transportation and its cost to the buyer’s location, as well as for the import customs clearance (incl. state fees, licenses). The buyer bears the unloading costs.

DAP – Delivered At Place

The seller has delivered the goods when the goods on the arrived vehicle have been made available to unload to the buyer at the specified destination. The seller shall bear all risks associated with delivery of goods to this location. DAP is a new delivery clause that was created to replace three delivery clauses (DAF, DES, DDU) from the previous Incoterms version (2000).

DAT – Delivered At Terminal

The seller has delivered the goods, when the goods unloaded from the arrived vehicle have been made available to the buyer at the terminal, the port of destination or the destination. “Terminal” means any covered or uncovered place, such as the quay, warehouse, container yard, or the road-, rail- or air freight terminal. The seller bears all the risks of delivering and unloading the goods at the port or the terminal of destination. Also this clause emphasises on the need to determine an exact point within the destination, because up to this point all the risks and costs are borne by the seller. DAT is a new delivery clause that replaces the DEQ (delivered ex quay) clause from the previous (2000) version.